COVID-19 IMPACTS GLOBALLY
From the dawn of civilization this world has witnessed different kind of wars; from kingdoms against kingdoms to nations against nations in seek of power and resources. Today another form of health crisis has emerged; where a whole planet is fighting for survival facing one common enemy “COVID-19 pandemic”. Like any other time of health emergency; corona virus has put life of thousands in danger; big number of death being observed every day, interrupted social normal way of living, economic decline, asking sacrifice of front line for public safety.It was by December 2019,a new coronavirus,SARS-COV-2 was identified as the couse of outbreak of viral pneumonia in wuhan china. Later it is termed as coronavirus disease (covid-19),the spread of covid-19 was rapidly at high extent where by 29th april,2020 there was 3million confirmed cases around 185 countries/region. coronaviruse affect upper respiratory tract and it is transmitted through droplets, body fluids and body contact. Coronavirus disease has caused many more impacts around the corners of the world, both economics, social life, spiritual, health mostly NCDs, environment, education ,finances and many more other fields have negatively shaken by this pandemic.
How does health, mostly NCDs affected by Covid-19?
Prevention and treatment on non-communicable diseases have been disrupted since the covid-19 pandemic began and it is globally but low- income countries are highly affected. people living with NCDs are at high risk of severe COVID-19 related illness and death. Many people living with NCDs like cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes have not been receiving health services and medicines they need since covid-19 pandemic began’’ as said by Dr Tredos, general director of WHO.
The health services and follow up needed for hypertension treatment(53%),treatments of diabetes and diabetes complications(49%),treatments for cancer(42%) and cardiovascular emergencies(31%) have partially or completely disrupted. This is because almost health care providers are partially or fully reassigned to support covid-19.This led to the shortage of screening, distribution of medicines and follow-up to those vulnerable.
Furthermore, Cancellation of planed treatments, decrease in transport means during lockdown, lack of staff because health care providers are busy running out covid-19 services, these are the main reasons of why NCDs are being disrupted.
Globally, 41millions of people are die from noncommunicable disease each year.in order words,71% of all deaths globally.15 millions of people die from NCDs each year who are aged between 30 and 69yrs old,85% of these ‘’premature’’ deaths occur in low and middle income countries. This shows that without any advocacy these numbers will be multiplied severely if health care providers ‘concerns are only based for covid-19.therefore noncommunicable diseases must be considered as fundamental during dealing of covid-19.
Covid-19 impacts on economics
Firstly; coronavirus disease pandemic has spread with alarming speed, infecting millions of people around the world, shaking all cornerstones of economy as the movements was highly prohibited to halt the spread of the virus. ’the pandemic has direct, near-term and long-term damages to the economic growth’ ’said global economic prospects, June 2020.
Despite the extraordinal efforts of government to counter the extraordinal loss with fiscal and monetary policy support. The heaviest recessions triggered by the pandemic are expected to leave lasting scars through lower investment, human capital decrease through loss of work and schooling, distegrantation of global trade and supply linkages.’’the shutdown in global tourist industry,slowdown in commodity markets ,so employees and household who depend on these sectors have little to no savings decline back.the loss of resources will affect children and elderly hardest’’said international growth center.
Unless immediate action is taken, it is increasingly clear that there is an impending global economics food, health emergencies that could have long-term impacts on hundreds of millions of people around the world. if we do not act now, insecurity of food or nutrion will highly increase mostly in developing countries
Covid-19 impact on social affairs
This crisis has drastically changed the human course of life on the world. In matter of 9months the sense of normal life has been turned upside down where prevention measure necessitates the reduction or total abandonment of some social routine. For ex; to reduce the inter-personal transmission people have to put hold on some basic social costumes like expressing gesture affection through hugs, kissing, and hand shaking. Furthermore, people are losing the interest of communal life due to the different preventive reasures by being accustomed to social distancing, stay home, working at home, and different forms of confinement. Despite being highly susceptible to the risk of infection from covid-19,mostlty those with chronic diseases such as hypertention,cardiovascular disease and diabetes,elderly people are struggling to be capable of supporting themselves in isolation.weddings,parties and ceremonies that used to gather society together are highly prohibited, this has contributed to many cases of depression ,alcohol dependency, smoking too much, gender based violence and many more bad backs through being in isolation.
Therefore, we have to reconcile the nature of fears we feel. Comforting messages provided by government to help us enforce the lockdowns, acceptance of uncertainties combining with the daily data about the infection rate will help us to accept the challenge. Stop these things of panicking, we are all in this together, let no fear take over your life, we have many options rather than loosing hope. We can still carry on a happy life through this hardship, just accept the challenge, gathering the favorites around us and practicing habits set by ministry of health will take us miles away from here.
Currently, scientists around the globe are busy searching the vaccines, labotory technicians are spending sleepless nights and days finding out vaccines and treatments, and this means that only treatments we have are protecting ourselves and others by cleaning our hands often, with clean water and soap, or alcohol-based hand rub, maintaining safe distance from one another, wearing a protective mask, to do not touching eyes, nose or mouth, covering nose and mouth with bent elbow or tissue when sneezing or coughing and calling health authority when related signs and symptoms are felt.
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Writer: Evelyne MUVANDIMWE from University of Rwanda